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Pikesville is a census-designated place (CDP) in Baltimore County, Maryland, United States. Pikesville is just northwest of the Baltimore city limits. It is the northwestern suburb closest to Baltimore.
The population was 30,764 at the 2010 census. The corridor along Interstate 795, which links Pikesville, Owings Mills and Reisterstown to the Baltimore Beltway (Interstate 695), contains one of the larger Jewish populations in Maryland.
Pikesville is located at 39°22′45″N 76°42′18″W (39.379039, −76.705091).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 12.4 square miles (32.1 km2), of which 32.0 square kilometres (12.4 sq mi) is land and 0.03 square miles (0.07 km2), or 0.22%, is water.
As of the census of 2010, there were 30,764 people and 13,642 households residing in the CDP. The population density was 2,490.8 people per square mile. There were 14,323 housing units. The racial makeup of the CDP was 77.0% White, 14.5% African American, 0.1% Native American, 6.0% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, and 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.7% of the population.
As of the 2000 census, there were 12,747 households out of which 24.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.9% were married couples living together, 7.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.1% were non-families. 30.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.81.
In the CDP, the population was spread out with 19.7% under the age of 18, 5.3% from 18 to 24, 24.4% from 25 to 44, 27.0% from 45 to 64, and 23.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females there were 86.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.0 males.
The median income for a household in the CDP was $58,598, and the median income for a family was $78,002 (these figures had risen to $73,846 and $100,237 respectively as of a 2007 estimate). Males had a median income of $52,079 versus $37,179 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $41,035. About 5.0% of families and 6.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.4% of those under age 18 and 11.5% of those age 65 or over.
In 2000, 19.3% of Pikesville residents identified as being of Russian heritage. Virtually all of them are Ashkenazi Jews whose ancestors immigrated from the Russian Empire. In 2000, 3.7% of Pikesville residents identified as being of Ukrainian American heritage. This was the highest percentage of Ukrainians Americans of any place in Maryland. 2% of the city were descended from Eastern European countries other than Russia and Ukraine. The majority of them are of Ashkenazi Jewish ancestry. 8% of Pikesville’s residents were German, 7% Polish, 4% Irish, 3% English, and 2% Italian.
In the 19th and early 20th centuries Jewish immigrants to the Baltimore area first formed enclaves in East Baltimore not far from Johns Hopkins Hospital in neighborhoods such as Broadway East, Jonestown, Middle East and Oliver. After World War II, the Jewish community started to move outside of Baltimore City into Pikesville which was a sleepy outpost on a major road that led to Western Maryland. During the Vietnam War, and exacerbated by riots in 1968, many Jewish businesses left northwestern Baltimore followed this exodus.
Pikesville (and more recently its neighboring communities to the north, Owings Mills and Reisterstown) have been considered the center of the Baltimore area’s Jewish community since the mid nineteen fifties (referred to by residents as “100,000 Jews in three zip codes”). Many of the region’s largest and most established synagogues and Jewish schools are located in or near Pikesville.